Chances are you've been in the position where you're in class, and you need to write a convincing essay as an assignment. Argumentative essays sound like they are easy to write, but you need to know exactly what points you need to make. The whole goal of an argumentative essay is to convince someone that your standpoint is the best standpoint. However, this isn't always easy to do. You need to have specific key elements in your article to convince your readers that your viewpoint is the “right” one. In this article, we will show you what key factors you need to include in your essay and give you two examples of argumentative essay.
An argumentative essay is an essay where you attempt to persuade the reader to lean towards the side you're arguing for. For example, you usually see these arguments on TV, such as political debates, ads, and commercials. They're always trying to convince you to buy their product. Argumentative essays follow the same fundamental principle, except you want to put your convincing argument on paper rather than say those words out loud.
There are a few essential elements that every single argumentative essay needs to include: an argument, a stance on the topic, evidence, and a counterargument with a definite conclusion. Listed below are the four main parts that need to be included in every argumentative essay and later there will be examples of argumentative essays.
An argumentative essay should always be based on a topic in which sides can be chosen. If you can't pick a side, then it is not an argumentative essay. Topics should debate an ongoing issue that's currently going on in the world. Popular topics include ethics, technology, law, news, etc. You want to choose a topic that people will be interested in. You'll find that not many people are willing to read about an issue that's already been solved. Therefore, you need to choose an interesting unsolved topic. We will provide an argumentative essay example later in this guide.
Another element that is essential in an argumentative essay is choosing which side of the topic you're going to be on. Many students want to debate both sides of an argument and agree that both could be an option. However, that's not the spirit of an authentic argumentative essay. You'll need to choose an argument where you lean on one side over the other. This doesn't exactly mean that you don't agree with both sides, but it shows that you're on one side over the other. You'll have a chance in your essay to point out the pros and cons of the opposing side, but you should make it clear where you stand. Write about a topic you're passionate about and that your fellow students would be interested in debating.
To make a strong argument, you're going to need evidence and facts that prove that your side is better. Avoid using opinions and guesses about your topic. If you want to convince your audience that your standpoint is the right one, you're going to need substantial evidence to back it up. All of your facts and evidence need to come from credible sources. It may seem tempting to grab your evidence from websites like Wikipedia, forums, Yahoo, etc. The issue with these websites is that they aren't credible sources. Credible sources will use facts, statistics, and come from credible institutions such as other schools. Good ways to locate reliable sources are libraries, Google Scholar, and research from other schools. Use quotes, statistics, and facts from these sources to help draw your readers towards your side of the argument.
Lastly, you need to be able to draw pros and cons from the opposing side and refute their viewpoints. This is the section of the essay where you can agree with your opponents on their pros and cons, but the goal should be to refute any viewpoints they make. This strategy can help your reader understand that you've done your research on the opposite side. By presenting the arguments of the opposing side, you end up making your point stronger because you're acknowledging that there is another existing viewpoint.
You can have your conclusion in the counter-argument part, but you can also separate them into different paragraphs. An excellent conclusion will summarize your whole argument and convince the readers to be on your side. Summarize your key facts, statistics, and appeal to their emotions by writing a strong closing argument. Avoid sounding too biased or else you may not fully convince your audience. The last sentence should state why your readers should join your viewpoint, and it should be a compelling sentence.
To help you better understand what an argumentative essay looks like, we've decided to write two different argumentative essay examples. We've chosen topics “Why are US citizens rapidly becoming more obese?” and “Are tests like the SAT and ACT an effective assessment of learning?”. Both of these topics are in the form of a question and do not give away which viewpoint you are supporting. You will later explain which angle you've taken in your essay.
Over the last decade, many US citizens have been diagnosed with obesity. Many of us blame fast food chains, increased production of junk food or just lack of exercise for excessive weight. The truth is that there are various ways to put on excess weight, but there's one primary reason for why people do gain weight. This reason is the calorie intake being more than the calorie outtake. Many people argue that you can't gain weight if you're eating healthy food or if you're eating junk food without going over your daily calorie intake limit.
In the past decade, a huge part of US citizens has been diagnosed with being obese. Many of these individuals believe that they have a healthy diet or that they do not eat enough to become fat. And while they may not be morbidly obese, many of them still carry excess weight on their body. This is because many Americans do not pay attention to how many calories they take in every day. It's been reported that many of us go over our calorie intake by at least a few hundred calories a day. This is because the food we're eating is no longer low-calorie foods.
I believe that many US citizens are overweight not because of the increase in junk food or fast food but because many Americans are eating more than they should in a day. I believe that the excess weight exists because of an increase in calories eaten rather than artificial ingredients and diet sodas. Many people believe that weight gain is due to MSG, chemicals, and preservatives, but I believe that many people don't pay attention to how many calories are in a serving. This is what leads people to become overweight. It's the lack of knowing and counting exactly what is in the food that they eat.
A normal human needs at least 2,000 calories a day to function without excess weight gain. It's a fact that individuals will gain weight even if they take in over 100 excess calories in a day. The reality of the situation is that individuals are taking in more than just a few calories every single day, and this is leading to rapid weight gain. Every pound of fat is equivalent to 3,000 calories. Meaning that just taking in a few hundred calories a day can lead to one to two pounds of weight gain every week. This can add up over the length of a year.
A large population of people believes that weight gain is due to the change of ingredients in food over the past few decades. And while some research points to this, other studies have proven that excess weight is gained from an increased intake of calories. You've heard of the saying “calories in versus calories out,” and that's exactly why the weight is gained. Now, of course, someone who eats their daily intake of calories in healthy foods is going to have a healthier body than someone who eats their daily calories in junk food. But they still have the same calorie intake. Any increase in calories can cause someone to gain weight, no matter if the food is healthy or not.
In conclusion, weight gain and fat is the result of excess calories and not a result of the added chemicals, preservatives, and MSG that are added to food. Have any human in the world eat excess calories no matter what the food and they will gain weight. Science has proven that a calorie is a calorie no matter what food source it comes from.
In America, there are multiple different tests that students have to undergo to prove that they are getting the education that they need. One of the popular tests to assess that high schoolers are getting a proper education is SAT and ACT testing. If you are a current high schooler or have ever been to high school, you probably already took this test. In this test, you'll be given questions on reading, writing, math, and other various skills. Your score will be used to determine if you are properly at your grade level or if you are under or over performing.
If you've ever been through this testing, you may have noticed that sometimes a personal score does not accurately represent the student's learning ability. Some students end up scoring poorly on the SATs and ACTs, while other students find themselves scoring higher. A high score does not necessarily mean that the student makes good grades, and a bad score does not necessarily represent a student who does poorly in school. That stirs the question, do SAT and ACT effectively assess student learning ability or not?
I believe that testing in schools such as the ACTs and SATs are not an accurate representation of a student's ability to learn. There are many influences that may cause a student to end up scoring higher or lower than average. Even though many schools follow the same curriculum, not every student has an equal opportunity to take the same classes in high school. Many students are placed into a particular level of math and science when they first enter high school, thus influencing their ability to place at a higher score in the ACTs and SATs.
Not only are SATs and ACTs not accurately representing a student's ability to learn, but they also don't test students on a wide enough variety of subjects. Intelligence can be measured in many other ways than just math, science, reading, and writing. Some students don't even use those subjects later in life when they get jobs or graduate and attend college. While those subjects are the core of many other disciplines, they don't accurately represent someone's IQ or ability to learn.
Other people would argue that the SATs and ACTs do accurately represent one's ability to learn. They would argue that math, reading, writing, and science are the core of every other subject. You don't need writing skills if you're going into a physical labor job, you don't need science in sales representative jobs more than you need social skills, and lastly, you don't need math if you're going into a writing job. Many people forget that jobs don't always require these subjects to be successful. There are many jobs that do require you to use these skills, but just because these subjects are needed for those jobs doesn't mean it's an accurate representation of a student's ability to learn. Some students may graduate and attend college and excel in other jobs that don't require those subjects. Others will enter the job force and forget all about what they learned in high school.
While the ACTs and SATs can be used as an excellent guide to help gauge where students are in comparison to the average student population, they don't give an accurate representation of one's ability to learn. If you're going to argue that these testing methods are a good representation, then you'll need to prove that every school in the United States provides equal learning lessons in those subjects to every student. And this has already been improved based on the entrance exams provided in high school and at the beginning of college.
As you can see, learning to write an argumentative essay isn't that complicated. As long as you know what elements you need to include in your essay, you're well on your way to creating a convincing argument. Remember to never use unreliable resources to convince your audience, as this will make your essay look weak in general. A true argumentative essay will include all four elements as well as will be full of credible facts and statistics that help convince your audience that your viewpoint is better than the other. If you're still stuck on writing an argumentative essay, feel free to use our argumentative essay example as a guide.